The Bambusa wenchouensis ‘Gonghou Provenance’ is an elite variety with tall culm,thick culm wall,long internodes,thin branches,fine timber qualities,cold tolerance,and high yield, which has been bred from a large number of provenances. Its adult shoots mostly grow up to a height of 12-16 m,a diameter of 8-10 cm,an internode length of 37-50 cm,and a wall thickness of 16-20 mm. Its annual bamboo productivity can reach above 30 t·hm-2. The bamboo has good properties and long fibers, being good for bamboo plywood and paper making. It has a good cold resistance and can be planted in the northern margin of the adaptive zone of sympodial bamboos. Its main branches are thin, and convenient for culm harvest and transport.