Volume 42 Issue 3
Sep.  2023
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DING Li-chao, CHEN Ming, TIAN Su-kui, YING Kun-zhen, CAI Sen-kang, WANG Xiao-jun, CHEN Fei. Mosquito Repellent Activity and Component Analysis of Bamboo Vinegar and Its Animal Safety[J]. JOURNAL OF BAMBOO RESEARCH, 2023, 42(3): 15-21. doi: 10.12390/jbr2023023
Citation: DING Li-chao, CHEN Ming, TIAN Su-kui, YING Kun-zhen, CAI Sen-kang, WANG Xiao-jun, CHEN Fei. Mosquito Repellent Activity and Component Analysis of Bamboo Vinegar and Its Animal Safety[J]. JOURNAL OF BAMBOO RESEARCH, 2023, 42(3): 15-21. doi: 10.12390/jbr2023023

Mosquito Repellent Activity and Component Analysis of Bamboo Vinegar and Its Animal Safety

doi: 10.12390/jbr2023023
  • Received Date: 2023-04-10
  • 【Objective】 Mosquitoes transmit terrible diseases that kill many people every year,increasing health care costs and reducing productivity. The by-product of bamboo charcoal production, Bamboo Vinegar (BV) has a large amount of surplus due to its limited use. Therefore,seeking new uses of BV to expand consumption has become an urgent scientific and technological demand in bamboo utilization industry chain. 【Method】 Several simple,practical and multidisciplinary methods were used to determine the repellent effectiveness of BV,including the Forearm skin Landing Test (FLT),the lower Limb skin Landing Test (LLT) and Sucrose breeding bioassay (SBB). 【Result】 FLT results showed that 9.0% Acetic Acid Water Solvent (AAWS) and BV had strong protective effects against Aedes albopictus (94.9%),while commercial liquid insecticide and 4.5% DEET had strong protective effects against A.albopictus (97.8%) and 90.8%,respectively. The results of LLT showed that BVS and AAWS had better protection against A. albopictus (97.6% and 85.2% to 97.5%,respectively,against 4.5%-9.0% AAWS) when using liquid electrothermal vapors. Commercial pesticide protection levels are 99.5%. SBB showed that mosquitoes were repelled by the smell of AAWS. No significant difference in the number of falling mosquitoes after BV (6.6% AA),4.5% AAWS,9.0% AAWS and 4.5% DEET treatment,but difference in the number of mosquitoes after BV (6.6% AA),4.5% AAWS,9.0% AAWS,DEET. The protection period in descending order was:DEET (75-90 min)=BV (75-90 min)>Formic acid (60-75 min)>AA (45-60 min)>Propionic acid (30-45 min)>Butyric acid (15-30 min)>Water (0 min). In addition,69 volatile substances were found by gas-mass spectrometry,including acids 9.00%,phenols 3.37%,ketones 2.21%,esters 1.97%,carbohydrates 0.81%,amines 0.76%,alcohols 0.37%,other organic compounds 0.81% and water 80.70%. The safety test showed that the micronucleus rate of mice bone marrow of BVwas negative. 【Conclusion】 BV may partially replace insecticides,DEET and essential oils as effective preparations for personal mosquito control.
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