2023 Vol. 42, No. 1

Display Method:
Anatomical Characteristics and Adaptive Plasticity of Qiongzhuea tumidinoda Rhizome under Different Soil Moisture and Nutrients Conditions
WU Yi-yuan, DONG Wen-yuan, PU Chan, ZHONG Huan, XIA Li, YUAN Ling-ling, CHEN Xin
2023, 42(1): 1-10. doi: 10.12390/jbr2022080
Abstract(165) PDF(153)
【Objective】This paper aims to explore the anatomical characteristics of natural Qiongzhuea tumidinoda rhizome under different soil water and nutrient conditions, and to compare the adaptive strategies of Q. tumidinoda rhizome in different habitats.【Method】The relationship among the anatomical structure characteristics of Q. tumidinoda rhizome, soil nutrient and water in three soil depths (0-40 cm, 0-80 cm and 0-120 cm) was analyzed by using redundancy analysis and Monte Carlo test.【Result】(1) With the increase of soil water and nutrient content, the proportion of fibrous tissue, conducting tissue and vascular bundle density decreased significantly (P<0.05); However, the basic tissue ratio, vascular bundle length, width and aspect ratio of Q. tumidinoda rhizome showed an obvious increasing trend (P<0.05). (2) Among the three soil thickness habitats, the variation coefficient and plasticity index of Q. tumidinoda rhizome including tissue ratio, vascular bundle and fiber size in thin soil layer habitat were the largest. (3) Soil moisture and nutrient factors had significant effects on the anatomical structure of bamboo rhizome (P<0.05). The importance of a single soil factor on the anatomical structure of Q. tumidinoda rhizome was in following order: soil water content > available K > organic matter > total K > available P > total P > hydrolyzed N > total N > pH. The difference of soil moisture and nutrient content was the fundamental reason affecting the anatomical structure plasticity of Q. tumidinoda.【Conclusion】Soil moisture, K and organic matter content had important effects on the formation of bamboo rhizome. Q. tumidinoda can adapt to the restriction of soil factors by regulating the anatomical structure and plasticity of bamboo rhizome. Therefore, in production, the growth and development of bamboo rhizome can be promoted by regulating soil moisture content, addition of K and organic fertilizer.
Nutrient Analysis of Chimonobambusa utilis Shoots from Five Different Habitats
XU Tian, LIAO Yong-jian, NING De-lu
2023, 42(1): 11-17. doi: 10.12390/jbr2022112
Abstract(101) PDF(48)
【Objective】In order to compare the nutrient composition of bamboo shoots from 5 different habitats of Chimonobambusa utilis, provide reference for the comprehensive utilization of this bamboo spieces.【Method】Determine the nutrient composition of Ch. utilis shoots from Tongzi County, Guizhou Province, Zhenxiong County, Yunnan Province, Nanchuan District, Chongqing, Zheng'an County, Guizhou Province and Suiyang County, Guizhou Province. The stability of bamboo's nutrient composition from different habitats was analyzed by means of variance analysis and Duncan range analysis. 【Result】The results showed that the nutrient contents of Ch. utilis shoots from five different habitats were significantly different, and the nutrient contents from different habitats had their own characteristics. The shoots of Ch. utilis from Tongzi have the highest ash content, dietary fiber, higher protein, water content and lower fat. Shoot from Zhenxiong had the highest protein, higher ash content and dietary fiber. Shoot from Nanchuan had the highest reducing sugar. Shoot from Zheng'an had the highest moisture content and the lowest fat content. Shoot from Suiyang had higher reducing sugar and ash content. Shoot from Tongzi had the highest potassium content and higher phosphorus content. Shoot from Zhenxiong had the highest content of phosphorus, copper, calcium, magnesium, zinc, and higher content of iron and manganese. Shoot from Nanchuan had the highest iron content, manganese content, zinc content, calcium content and copper content. Shoot from Zheng'an had high magnesium content, and from Suiyang have high potassium content. The protein content of bamboo shoots of Ch. utilis from 5 different habitats was higher than those of the other 28 bamboo species. 【Conclusion】The results of this paper provide a reference for further cultivation of fine bamboo shoots and functional bamboo shoots in various producing areas.
Study on the Growth and Development Law of Chimonobambusa utilis in Weixin County
HUANG Wei, DONG Wen-yuan, ZHONG Huan, WU Yi-yuan
2023, 42(1): 18-22. doi: 10.12390/jbr2022096
Abstract(86) PDF(33)
【Objective】In order to explore the bamboo shoot appearance dynamics, growth process of tall and thick bamboo shoots, and the regularity of bamboo shoot formation and degradation. 【Method】The plantation of Chimonobambusa utilis in Dahanzhai, Banjiu Village, Linfeng Town, Weixin County was as the research object, the growth and development laws of Ch. utilis were analyzed based on dynamic location observation data of bamboo shoots and young bamboo growth. 【Result】The results showed that the bamboo shoot period of Ch. utilis in Weixin County lasted for 45 days. It started in mid-September and ended in late October. It can be divided into three stages: initial stage, high stage and late stage. The rate of forming bamboo and returning bamboo shoots were 78.71% and 21.29% respectively. Bamboo shoot-young bamboo had a high growth period of 50 days, showing an S-shaped growth curve of “slow-fast-slow-stop”. The growth period of ground diameter was 30 days, and the growth process followed a “fast-slow-relatively slow-stop” curve. The growth period of young bamboo diameter at breast height lasted 25 days. 【Conclusion】The study results can provide scientific basis for the regulation of bamboo shoot stage, bamboo shoot protection and bamboo cultivation, rational fertilization and directional cultivation.
Study on Allocation of Aboveground Biomass and Optimal Model of Dendrocalamus latiflorus Shoot-producing
ZHENG Yun-li, XU Zhen-guo, JIA Dong-dong, LI Zai-liu
2023, 42(1): 23-29. doi: 10.12390/jbr2022093
Abstract(90) PDF(26)
【Objective】Taking the Dendrocalamus latiflorus forests identified an ingredient base for Snail Rice-flour Noodle base in Liuzhou City as the research object, studying the aboveground organs biomass allocation characteristics and model the biomass for the aboveground organs of D. latiflorus. We aimed to provide theoretical basis for the reasonable management of D. latiflorus Shoot-producing Forest. 【Method】Using random sampling method to determine the biomass of the various organs of the above-ground parts. Using the multiple linear regression analysis to select the optimal fitting biomass model. 【Result】The results showed that: except for samples from Liunan area, the mean moisture content of the parts of aboveground organs decreased with the increase of age. Except for samples from Yufeng area, the water content of each organ of the same age grade was the as following order: bamboo branches > bamboo leaves > bamboo culms. The culm biomass allocation value was the largest among all organs. There was highly significant difference in total biomass among different bases (P<0.01). Among different bases, the largest total biomass was sample from Liubei area (18 584 g), followed from Liunan area (16 631 g), and from Yufeng area was the smallest (4 092 g). 【Conclusion】The optimal biomass models of the culm, branch, leaf and DBH, which can be used for estimating the biomass were established respectively as follows: Wculm=-0.000 05+2.295 1D-1 111.107D2(R2=0.946), Wbranch=47.233D0.707(R2=0.862), Wleaf=151.455D0.570(R2=0.649). To a certain extent, our study results can provide theoretical basis for the scientific management of bamboo shoot.
Effect of Heat Treatment Temperature of Surface Plate on Physical and Mechanical Properties of Flatten-Bamboo-Poplar Veneer Composite Board
HAN Jia, HUANG Chun, YANG Yu-han, LIANG Qi-song, WANG Xue-hua
2023, 42(1): 30-37. doi: 10.12390/jbr2022109
Abstract(81) PDF(30)
【Objective】The purpose of this paper is to give full play to the performance advantages of poplar and bamboo exhibition plate. 【Method】In this study, bamboo exhibition plate with different temperature heat treatment (120 ℃, 140 ℃, 160 ℃, 0 MPa for 2 h) was used as surface plate and poplar veneer as core board to make flatten-bamboo-poplar veneer composite board which was made up by assemble patterns of parallel texture. The properties of flatten-bamboo-poplar veneer composite board such as equilibrium moisture content, color difference, gloss, bonding strength, dipping peeling rate, bending strength, modulus of elasticity and so on were tested, and the effects of different temperature treatment of the surface plate on the physical and mechanical properties of the composite board were analyzed. 【Result】The results showed that, in terms of physical properties, with the increase of heat treatment temperature of the surface plate, the equilibrium moisture content of the composite board decreased significantly. The gloss of the composite board decreased gradually, and the color perception stability increased. The total color difference was greater than 1.5, but the color change was not obvious. In terms of gluing properties, the heat treatment of the surface plate reduced the bonding strength of the composite board, reaching the lowest value at 140 ℃. Immersion peeling test showed that the bonding durability of the composite board was first strengthened and then weakened with the increase of temperature. In terms of mechanical properties, the modulus of elasticity and bending strength increased with the increase of heat treatment temperature of the surface plate, and reached the maximum value at 140 ℃. 【Conclusion】The heat treatment of surface plate enriches the visual effect of the flatten-bamboo-poplar veneer composite board, improves the bending strength and modulus of elasticity of the composite board, but has a certain adverse effect on the bonding performance of the composite board. In actual use, it should be selected according to specific needs.
Study on the Detachable Design and Mechanical Property of Mortise Joints for Laminated Bamboo Furniture
LIAN Cai-ping, WENG Hao-chen, WU Zhi-hui, CHEN Mei-ling, JI Jia-gui
2023, 42(1): 38-44. doi: 10.12390/jbr2022101
Abstract(108) PDF(51)
【Objective】In order to realize the disassembly and assembly of the mortise joint structure of bamboo furniture. 【Method】A mortise joint structure without glue was designed. In this study, the tensile mechanical properties and roughness of two conventional mortise joint structures with glue and without glue including different roughness and the newly designed mortise joint structure were tested,and the failure characteristics of the joint and its mechanical behavior in the loading process were analyzed. 【Result】The results showed that the glue layer was mainly damaged in the glued mortise joint structure, while the mortise and tenon were not damaged in the unglued tenon joint structure. The roughness of the newly designed mortise joint structure is much less than that of the control mortise joints,but its tensile force (1 961.0 N) was much higher than that of the control mortise joints (520.7 N),and the joints of the mortise structure are fastened. The tensile force and displacement curve of the mortise joint structure showed four development stages: straight-line rise, slow curve rise, straight-line rise and straight-line decline. 【Conclusion】The design of detachable mortise joint structure has the characteristics of simple processing technology, green environmental protection, health and safety, and its tenon can realize mass, standardized production. This study has important guiding significance for the rationality of bamboo furniture structure design, and is conducive to the innovative development of bamboo furniture.
Practice and Thinking on Promoting the Prosperity of Bamboo Industry in Shengzhou
HUANG Shao-ping, ZHANG Lang-feng, NI Hui-jing, ZHAO Jian-cheng, YANG Zhen-ya, LI Qin
2023, 42(1): 45-49. doi: 10.12390/jbr2023009
Abstract(116) PDF(61)
Bamboo industry is a powerful measure to realize the idea of “lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets”. The development of bamboo industry is of great significance for promoting forestry efficiency and increasing farmers' income. Based on the analysis of the distribution of bamboo resources, bamboo processing, bamboo shoot utilization and technical advantages of the development of bamboo industry in Shengzhou, the countermeasures to promote the common prosperity of bamboo industry related to the problems such as the low management level, the low level of bamboo shoot processing and the weak forestry infrastructure in Shengzhou are proposed.
Construction of Bamboo Tourism Infrastructure Based on “Two Mountains Theory”, Anji County as an Example
QIU Xi-yang
2023, 42(1): 50-55. doi: 10.12390/jbr2022130
Abstract(86) PDF(62)
【Objective】To explore the new mode of transformation and upgrading of bamboo industry, especially the integrated development of bamboo tourism under the situation of “Internet +”, and to provide reference for the method of constructing the basic system of bamboo tourism. 【Method】Case study method was adopted, Anji County of Zhejiang Province was taken as a study area. The cases of comprehensive renovation of small towns, planning, design and construction of urban and rural landscape construction during 2017—2022 were collected openly, combined with factors of bamboo tourism basic system. The case data were analyzed, and some hypotheses were proposed for verification. 【Result】The basic system of bamboo tourism can be constructed from three aspects: protecting natural landscape features, integrating tourism resources of bamboo township and innovating rural cultural tourism. Through repairing mountain background and creating river and lake space, the construction is conducted in nine aspects, including creating beautiful countryside, improving intelligent traffic, constructing folk houses in northern Zhejiang, reviving historical culture, innovating business forms and functions, digital enabling industry, and invigorating culture and tourism. 【Conclusion】In the era of Internet economy and rural revitalization, bamboo tourism, as the engine of the three industries, undertakes the function of industrial integration and business form innovation and development, and plays an increasingly important role. It is suggested that to promote the transformation and upgrading of the bamboo industry actively, to follow the development way of “developing the third industry, strengthening the second industry and driving the primary industry”, to make a linkage of the first, second and third industries, to give play to the independent innovation mode of industrial clusters and take the industrial upgrading road of exploring integrated development.
Choice of Ornamental Bamboo and Its Application in Landscape
MA Shuai, WU Ri-na, XIONG Wen-peng, LAN Lan
2023, 42(1): 56-60. doi: 10.12390/jbr2022125
Abstract(162) PDF(79)
Since the 1980s, bamboo has developed rapidly in the use of bamboo shoots and timber materials. People have begun to conduct systematic research and development in the ornamental field from introduction, propagation and popularization and have achieved good economic and ecological benefits. In order to promote the ornamental bamboo in the urban landscaping, urban and rural courtyard greening, indoor green decoration and ecological environment construction. Based on the color, shape, form beauty, cultural connotation and other aspects of ornamental bamboo, this paper systematically analyzes the aesthetic elements of ornamental bamboo, and explores the multiple applications of ornamental bamboo in landscape architecture.
Study on Bamboo Weaving Process Characteristics and Aesthetics in Chu State
CHEN Jin-shuan
2023, 42(1): 61-67. doi: 10.12390/jbr2022118
Abstract(160) PDF(49)
【Objective】In order to explore the development level and cultural value of bamboo weaving skills in ancient China's Chu State. 【Method】Starting from the characteristics of bamboo and the history of the state of Chu, this paper analyzes the technological characteristics of bamboo woven cultural relics unearthed in archaeological excavations. 【Result】The bamboo weaving articles of the state of Chu has the characteristics of reasonable material selection, practical function, superb skills, rich patterns and diverse shapes. From the perspective of aesthetics, the bamboo weaving technology of Chu has the aesthetic characteristics of material beauty, craft beauty, functional beauty and formal beauty. 【Conclusion】This shows, the bamboo weaving technique of Chu is the product of making full use of nature and transforming nature in the long-term labor practice of the people of Chu, which reflects the simple creation thought of the ancestors of Chu, which mainly focuses on practicality and pursues aesthetics.
Research on Aesthetic Preference of Bamboo Bonsai Based on Modeling Form and Theme
LIU Ge-yan, LIANG Yu-miao, PAN Pin-yu, BAI Tong, GUO Song-ling, LU Yang-cheng, TANG Hai-xiong, JIANG Ming-yan
2023, 42(1): 68-79. doi: 10.12390/jbr2022089
Abstract(152) PDF(30)
【Objective】In order to explore the aesthetic preference,influencing factors and visual behavior characteristics of bamboo bonsai with different modeling forms and themes with or without cultural connotation. 【Method】30 bamboo bonsais with 5 modeling forms and 6 modeling themes were created in this study,and the subjects were divided into group N (viewing bamboo bonsai without any text description) and Y group (viewing the bamboo bonsai with title and a brief introduction to its cultural connotation). The difference and influencing factors of the two groups of people's aesthetic preference for bamboo bonsai were studied by using the scenic beauty estimation method and the semantic differential method. The visual behavior characteristics of the two groups of people viewing bamboo bonsai was studied by using the eye movement analysis method. 【Result】(1) The aesthetic preference score of bamboo bonsai in Y group (5.52) was significantly higher than that in N group (5.38). (2) N group bamboo bonsai aesthetic preference=0.801+0.260×element coordination+0.236×beauty of picturesque scene+0.113×exquisite+0.099×modeling innovation+0.076×natural beauty+0.070×Sense of level. Y group bamboo bonsai aesthetic preference=0.206+0.298×beauty of picturesque scene+0.161×exquisite+0.158×element coordination+0.157×cultural characteristics+0.090×natural beauty+0.086×title fit. (3)The average fixation duration of group N (0.88 s) was significantly longer than that of group Y (0.78 s),and the fixation count (12.06 n),first fixation time (0.59 s) and total saccade amplitude (35.90°) in group N were significantly lower than those in group Y (13.00 n,0.84 s,45.42°). (4) The influencing factors of aesthetic preference in group N were correlated with the average duration of fixation and the number of fixation. The influencing factors of aesthetic preference in group Y were correlated with the average duration of fixation,the number of fixation,the time to first fixation and the total amplitude of saccades. 【Conclusion】The superimposed cultural connotation can significantly improve the aesthetic preference score of bamboo bonsai,and change the visual behavior characteristics of the subjects when viewing. The research results can provide a reference for the future creation and aesthetic evaluation of bamboo bonsai,and promote the development of the bamboo bonsai industry.
The Aesthetic Appreciation of Bamboo Calligraphy in Eastern Han Dynasty
YANG Xu-fei, LI Guo-xin, GAO Jing-ru
2023, 42(1): 80-87. doi: 10.12390/jbr2022107
Abstract(73) PDF(29)
As a relatively unfamiliar traditional calligraphy resource, with the continuous development of archaeology in China, the resources of calligraphy on bamboo slips are constantly being developed and gradually recognized and valued by the calligraphic circle. Since the calligraphy of bamboo slips is the original ink of ancient calligrapher, it is easier for scholars and researchers to capture the most vivid state of writing calligraphy, feel the charm of ink and the characteristics of formal language of the calligrapher, as well as the sense of force generated by the friction between the brush and the writing media and the distinctive charm of the ink that penetrates into the bamboo material. The author privately believes that through the study and practice of bamboo calligraphy, it is easier to approach the nature of calligraphy. Compared with the calligraphy model of tablet inscription after secondary creation, more preserved the original ink appearance and vivid emotional rhythm of calligraphy writing, is second only to the face to face demonstration of the form closest to the writer's real performance and teaching, is an excellent model to learn calligraphy, aesthetic appreciation. It is to establish an effective connection between the reality and this “new” and “unfamiliar” calligraphy “new field”, and to excavate more realistic value of bamboo calligraphy.
An Analysis of Bamboo Sceneries in Bai Juyi's Residences
FENG Yu-lan
2023, 42(1): 88-92. doi: 10.12390/jbr2022028
Abstract(315) PDF(193)
【Objective】As the representative of literati, Bai Juyi, a literary magnate of a generation, has applied bamboo landscaping in many gardening activities. His way of bamboo landscaping, experience of bamboo appreciation and bamboo culture outlook have a profound impact on later generations. This paper hopes to further enrich and improve the literati's bamboo culture outlook by analyzing Bai Juyi's residence and poetry. 【Method】This paper analyzes Bai Juyi's multiple residences and the associated poems,and investigates his practice of building gardens with bamboo elements. The poet's inclination to appreciate the bamboo sceneries and his views on bamboo culture are hence revealed. 【Result】It seems evident that most of Bai Juyi's residences featured bamboo landscape. Bamboo windows,bamboo waters and bamboo forests were routinely adopted to build gardens. The poet was fond of observing the bamboo sceneries from various positions and angles,and he underscored the interaction with bamboo when visiting the gardens. These bamboo-related anecdotes and the large quantity of bamboo-themed poems are of great significance for promoting the development of bamboo culture. This paper further exhibits his views on bamboo culture. Bai Juyi was a follower of Confucianism,Taoism and Buddhism,while bamboo,publicly cherished by these three religions,reflects the noble character which is in line with the poet's spiritual pursuit. 【Conclusion】Under the influence of the idea of “gentleman's virtue”, bamboo has become the materialized expression of literati's pursuit of spiritual quality, and bamboo has also become the representative plant of literati's gardens.