There has been a long history of the Chinese toys with great varieties. Based on production and living，bamboo and wood toys were created in the process of social development，reflecting evolution of social life and plant culture，and becoming important cultural heritage. But currently，there are problems like insufficient systematic studies on recognition and utilization of the traditional bamboo and wood toys，as well as insufficient in-depth exploration of cultural values. This paper took the traditional bamboo and wood toys as the object of study，and the research method was based on the textual research of literature materials，sorted out the content related to various bamboo and wood toys in ancient paintings and other ancient cultural relics，summarizing and analyzing the development and evolution process of ancient bamboo and wood toys. In this paper，bamboo and wood toys were divided into types of puzzle，traction activities，carving and modeling，bamboo and wood weaving，human activities and others. And thereby their respective characteristics were summarized，and on this basis，the characteristics，advantages，and contemporary value of ancient bamboo and wood toys were explored. Ways were proposed to develop and utilize bamboo and wood toys that combine cultural and creative product development，tap into traditional design wisdom，and inherit and promote traditional culture，with the aim of further expanding ancient Chinese bamboo and wood culture.