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基于造型形式与主题的竹盆景审美偏好研究

刘格言 梁雨苗 潘品妤 白桐 郭松龄 路阳成 唐海雄 江明艳

刘格言, 梁雨苗, 潘品妤, 白桐, 郭松龄, 路阳成, 唐海雄, 江明艳. 基于造型形式与主题的竹盆景审美偏好研究[J]. 竹子学报, 2023, 42(1): 68-79. doi: 10.12390/jbr2022089
引用本文: 刘格言, 梁雨苗, 潘品妤, 白桐, 郭松龄, 路阳成, 唐海雄, 江明艳. 基于造型形式与主题的竹盆景审美偏好研究[J]. 竹子学报, 2023, 42(1): 68-79. doi: 10.12390/jbr2022089
LIU Ge-yan, LIANG Yu-miao, PAN Pin-yu, BAI Tong, GUO Song-ling, LU Yang-cheng, TANG Hai-xiong, JIANG Ming-yan. Research on Aesthetic Preference of Bamboo Bonsai Based on Modeling Form and Theme[J]. JOURNAL OF BAMBOO RESEARCH, 2023, 42(1): 68-79. doi: 10.12390/jbr2022089
Citation: LIU Ge-yan, LIANG Yu-miao, PAN Pin-yu, BAI Tong, GUO Song-ling, LU Yang-cheng, TANG Hai-xiong, JIANG Ming-yan. Research on Aesthetic Preference of Bamboo Bonsai Based on Modeling Form and Theme[J]. JOURNAL OF BAMBOO RESEARCH, 2023, 42(1): 68-79. doi: 10.12390/jbr2022089

基于造型形式与主题的竹盆景审美偏好研究

doi: 10.12390/jbr2022089
基金项目: 

四川省科技计划重点研发项目(2021YFYZ0006)

四川省大学生创新训练计划项目(S202210626111)

详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘格言,硕士研究生,从事竹类植物园林应用研究。E-mail:holiday.lgy@qq.com。

    通讯作者:

    江明艳,教授,博士,从事竹类植物培育与应用研究。E-mail:jmy@sicau.edu.cn

Research on Aesthetic Preference of Bamboo Bonsai Based on Modeling Form and Theme

  • 摘要: 【目的】为了探寻人群对叠加文化内涵与否的、不同造型形式和主题的竹盆景的审美偏好及其影响因素以及视觉行为特征。【方法】该研究创作出5种造型形式和6类造型主题的30个竹盆景,将受试者分为N组(观赏无任何文字说明的竹盆景)和Y组(观赏有题名和文化内涵简介的竹盆景),采用美景度评价法和语义差异法研究两组人群对竹盆景的审美偏好差异及影响因素;采用眼动分析法研究两组人群观赏竹盆景的视觉行为特征。【结果】(1)Y组竹盆景审美偏好得分(5.52)显著高于N组(5.38)。(2)N组竹盆景审美偏好=0.801+0.260×要素协调性+0.236×画境美+0.113×精致感+0.099×造型创新性+0.076×自然美+0.070×层次感。Y组竹盆景审美偏好=0.206+0.298×画境美+0.161×精致感+0.158×要素协调性+0.157×文化特色性+0.090×自然美+0.086×题名契合度。(3)N组平均注视时长(0.88 s)极显著大于Y组(0.78 s),N组注视次数(12.06 n)、首次进入注视时间(0.59 s)和总扫视幅度(35.90°)极显著小于Y组(13.00 n、0.84 s、45.42°)。(4)N组审美偏好影响因素与平均注视时长和注视次数存在相关关系。Y组审美偏好影响因素与平均注视时长、注视次数、首次进入注视时间以及总扫视幅度存在相关关系。【结论】叠加文化内涵能显著提高竹盆景的审美偏好得分,并改变被试者在观赏时的视觉行为特征,研究结果可为未来竹盆景创作和审美评价提供参考,促进竹盆景产业的发展。
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-07-06

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